Studies suggest that Latino kids have fewer opportunities to engage in physical activity than their white counterparts.
Latino kids also are less likely than white kids to meet federal recommendations of at least 60 minutes of physical activity a day due to fewer parks and other active spaces, fewer school- or community-based physical activity programs, and differing parenting styles.
But culturally relevant school- and community-based programs, better access to active play sites, and education for parents can help young Latinos become more physically active, according to a new package of research materials from Salud America! The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) Research Network to Prevent Obesity Among Latino Children.
“Health departments, schools and communities should collaborate on culturally relevant after-school programs or activities to help Latino kids meet the federal standard of 60 minutes of daily physical activity,” said Amelie G. Ramirez, Dr.P.H. director of Salud America!, based at the Institute for Health Promotion Research, part of the School of Medicine at the UT Health Science Center San Antonio. Salud America! is a national network of stakeholders seeking environmental and policy solutions to Latino obesity.
The new Salud America! “Active Play for Latino Kids” research materials start off with an in-depth review of the latest science on the state of U.S. Latino childhood physical activity and policy implications based on that research. The full package of materials also includes an original animated video (below) and infographic (right).
Kids from low-income communities tend to have less access to parks, playgrounds and fields. In Latino neighborhoods, studies show that kids are often exposed to violent crime, and fear of crime curbs their outdoor active play.
Also, majority-minority schools tend to offer few programs supporting physical activity. Elementary schools with primarily Latino students were less likely than those with primarily white students to offer 20 minutes of recess daily, or physical education for at least 150 minutes per week.
But implementing structured programs for active play at and after school may increase physical activity levels among Latino kids, studies show. Such programs have proven to reduce inactive behaviors among Latino preschoolers and Latina middle-school girls. A walking program for Latinos also improved kids’ fitness by 37.1 percent.
Other ways to increase active play include:
- School administrators and staff should develop strategies for increasing opportunities for physical activity during the school day.
- Neighborhood maps of physical activity resources should identify the need and appropriate areas for more park and recreation spaces in Latino communities.
- Street-scale improvements and programs that facilitate safe transport are needed to increase use of physical activity sites in Latino communities.
Research shows that inactive Latino parents tend to have kids who also are inactive.
“It is important to educate Latino parents that monitoring and rewarding healthy behaviors may improve the level of physical activity in their children,” Dr. Ramirez said.
The new research package is the fourth of six new research material packages by Salud America!, each focused on a specific topic on Latino childhood obesity:
- healthier school snacks;
- better food in the neighborhood;
- active spaces;
- active play;
- healthier marketing (coming August 2013), and
- sugary drinks (coming September 2013)
Each topic’s package contains: a research review, an assessment of all available scientific evidence on the topic; an issue brief, a short summary of the research review; an animated video narrated by Latino children; and an infographic, a visual summary of the topic.